In December 2014, I wrote a book review of  investment classic from Howard Marks – The most important thing, Here is a reprint of passage from that post

[My re-emphasis in red]

What makes people and markets in general to commit mistakes ?

  • Greed – An extremely power full force that overcomes common sense
  • Fear – Prevents investors from taking constructive action when they should
  • Herd behaviour – Thinking and behaving like crowd
  • Dismissal of historical pattern – reason for so many bubbles and burst

All of the above come naturally to any investor and this is the reason they are very difficult to let go  only few individuals develop habits to negate above

Now how does one combat above – Are there any tools ?


The first one is Contrarianism

The author quotes Buffet

This is the core of Warren Buffett’s oft – quoted advice: “The less prudence with which others conduct their affairs, the greater the prudence with which we should conduct our own affairs.” He is urging us to do the opposite of what others do: to be contrarians

Again extremely difficult to do, Who doesn’t want to ride trend or cut using falling knife ?

Just don’t think it’ll be easy. You need the ability to detect instances in which prices have diverged significantly from intrinsic value. You have to have a strong- enough stomach to defy conventional wisdom (one of the greatest oxymoron) and resist the myth that the market’s always efficient and thus right

Now why I am pointing out this ?

It is extremely difficult to be contrarian, as everybody around you is going in one direction and to turn around and walk onto opposite side is extremely difficult. Let me give you an example.

Gold prices were in free fall few years back, See below chart

Gold prices -1

Now any investor in gold reading investment commentary then must have found it very difficult to take a long position in gold.

Just look at top search results from Google during those 18-20 months

Gold prices -2

Even the content of these articles were pessimistic / bearish on future of gold prices

Gold prices -3

Apart from one article (based on technical analysis) almost all top media articles were predicting prices to go down further.

In such circumstances it becomes very difficult for an investor to go against trend and make a fool of himself.

What did happen to gold eventually ?

Gold prices -4

There was a 25% increase in gold prices and now market is gung-ho that gold is going to beat its 2013 top.

Cultivating independent thinking  is difficult but necessary for success in investment operations. Willam green gave a brilliant talk at Google were he pointed out that the first lesson he learned from great investors was

A willingness to be lonely. While that initially may sound a bit drab or depressing, he’s not necessarily recommending that you literally have to be lonely to succeed as an investor; rather, what William is implying in this first lesson is that you need to be a free thinker. It’s your thoughts that need independence,

And how does one build independent thinking – I think great start would be cut news intake, read this brilliant post to understand this more


PS – No investment in gold

PPS – Don’t think gold can’t be classified as investment as it produces no cash flows 😉


Google Search

Gold Prices data sourced from